The ground-based radar systems could not fulfill the requirements of air defense security. These ground-based radars used for the perimeter intrusion detection system are responsible for monitoring the land infrastructures. The problem with ground-based radars is that they have a fixed position, and if placed on a vehicle, the speed is less. These radars include emissions traveling in a straight line, and the Earth’s curvature changes after 40-50kms. Moreover, through the ground-based radars, a lot of clutter arises. Hence, due to the limited radar range and the unwanted noise AWAC’s are preferable to ordinary radar systems.
AWAC’s have emerged as a strategic solution in the modern threat environment. These surveillance systems act as airborne air traffic command and control for tactical and air defense forces. Before any conflict, the AWAC system provides an early intelligent warning, allowing the team to elicit an action. The AWAC’s systems help in 2 different ways:
This system consists of full net-centric capability through multiple LOS and Satellite Communication Data links, onboard Mission Computer that enables the operators to carry out the information fusion, and mission control. Hence, smooth interaction is possible with the operational environment.
At present, the Indian Air Force is considerably using 2 AEWAC systems for various operations.
To promote the ‘Make in India’ campaign, India has decided to develop six new AEWAC systems with a 360-degree capability for effective long border surveillance. This project will fulfill the operational needs for better coverage in the enemy territory.
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